Your practical guide for your self-drive safari to the Maasai Mara National Reserve
The Maasai Mara, or the Mara, as many in Kenya call it, is a beautiful national reserve in Kenya bordering the Serengeti in Tanzania. The Maasai Mara Kenya's wildlife is prolific and it has excellent opportunities for safari game viewing. The wildebeest migration which takes place every year is world famous. It includes the dramatic crossing of the Mara river by millions of migrating wildebeest, zebras and the trail of predators that accompanies them. During your self drive safari, this is easily a highlight.
Covered in this section:
- Maasai Mara National Reserve
- Best time to visit the Maasai Mara
- How to drive to the Maasai Mara
- Entrance fees and practicalities
- Bush camping in the Maasai Mara
- Practical travel tips & tricks
The beauty of the Maasai Mara National Reserve
Think of Africa, and landscapes like the Maasai Mara are the first thing that come to mind. The Maasai Mara National Reserve will definitely be in your Top 3 as a highlight of your trip. Its landscape has a beauty that is unmatched: fields and fields of waving grass turning from yellow to green depending on the season. Full of rivers and other water sources, the wildlife is prolific, even off-season. The season starts with the start of the great migration, when millions of wildebeests, zebras and gazelles cross the border from the Serengeti to the Maasai Mara in search of fresh water, usually around June/July/August. The hooved crowd is followed by predators, such as lions, cheetahs, leopards and hyenas. But, even without the migration, these impressive animals are roaming the plains.
Best time to visit the Maasai Mara
What is the best time to visit the Maasai Mara? Well, depends what you want: Wildebeest migration or Wilderness feel. Your preferences will guide you through the season:
- Peak season from mid-June - October. When millions of wildebeests are in the Mara, it attracts many tourists as well.
- High season from November - February. Plenty of wildlife and people.
- Shoulder season from March - May. Rainy season, so prepare to get stuck in the mud. However, if you are a bit self reliant, this is a great season to explore the Mara. Wildlife viewing is still good, and less people means you have more to yourself.
In particular, the wildebeests crossing of the Mara river is something that many tourists are seeking to experience. You should keep in mind that this event is attended by many, many tourists every year. Unfortunately, this often leads to a bit of a traffic-jammy experience.
The sector with the least tourist is the Mara Triangle, especially the western part of it.
Drive to the Maasai Mara National Reserve
Entering the Maasai Mara is allowed for people hiring a Toyota Landcruiser, but not for the Toyota RAV4. We strongly recommend hiring a driver for exploring the Maasai Mara.
Seasonal river crossings can only be done with a vehicle that is high on its feet!
Besides, for some reason beyond our understanding, the roads leading to this tourism highlight are the worst roads you will experience while driving in Kenya.
These road are notorious among all tour guides in Kenya. Especially between Narok and Sekenani and Talek, the roads are very challenging due to the rocky surfaces with ribbons, which requires you to speed to absorb the bumps. But this also means that in case something unexpected happens, like the crossing of an animal or an approaching vehicle after a blind corner, you need to react confidently and instantly. However, planned roadworks are taking place, with good hope that these roads will greatly improve by the end of 2019.
Another dreadful section is the North-Western section near Mara Rianta.
Moreover, there are more arguments in favour of going with an experienced driver & guide that knows the park and understands the seasonal patterns of the animals. For a first-timer, it can be quite complicated to understand where to go and where to stay in the Maasai Mara.
Entrance fees and practicalities
The greater Maasai Mara ecosystem is comprised of three large sections and a number of smaller private conservancies.
- You have the Maasai Mara National Reserve which is under management of Narok County. This is the section you reach from Nairobi via Narok to the Sekenani gate in the east. Its other gates in the east are: Olumutia Gate and Talek Gate. In the north you'll find Musiara Gate and in the south Mara South River Gate.
- The northern side of the Maasai Mara National Reserve borders to the Mara North Conservancy. A large conservancy that hosts the top tier luxurious camps.
- The western side of the Maara Mara National Reserve is called the Mara Triangle, managed by The Mara Conservancy. Entrance to this section can be granted on the same ticket as bought in the reserve and vice versa.
- A large number of conservancies are bordering these three main sections, Naboisho being the largest.
Conservation fees are updated/changed quite regularly, not always informing the tour operators accordingly. For the latest fees; best to look them up from the Triangle website directly.
Early 2019, fees were stated as follows:
- Non-resident - $80/24hours staying outside the park or $70 staying inside the park
- EA residents pay a steep reduced rate of 1200 KES (about $12)/24hrs - So if you are an expat in Kampala - this is the place to go!
- Safari Vehicle is 1000 KES (about $10)/entry. There is no extra charge for non-kenyan registered numberplates.
Go bush camping in the Maasai Mara Triangle
There are three public campsites in the Mara triangle: Oloololo, Eluai and Iseiya campsite. They operate on a first come, first served basis. Most of the time they are completely deserted and you have it all to yourself. You have to be completely self-sufficient though, as there are no facilities. You should also bring firewood, because you are not allowed to gather it there and then. The sight of the Mara plains from your rooftop tent when you wake up in the morning is magical. Great value for money!
Roadtripper Mark Davies went camping in the Mara triangle recently (October 2018):
"Camping in Mara Triangle is really great and I would highly recommend starting a self drive in the Mara Triangle, as it is more manageable and simpler to navigate than the main Masai Mara National Reserve. We camped in the public campsites and, although Eluai felt a litte exposed and we were on our own, it was great. Oloololo gives a bit more comfort and has facilities. Rangers incredibly friendly in the triangle and everyone willing to pass on game information, etc.'